What is Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation?
Pelvic floor rehabilitation refers to treatment of musculoskeletal issues pertaining specifically to pelvic floor dysfunction in both females and males. The list of pelvic floor dysfunctions is long, but can be treated successfully by conservative methods such as Physical Therapy.
Examples of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction include:
- Urinary Incontinence
- Fecal Incontinence
- Post-partum injuries
- Pelvic pain
- Coccyx/tailbone pain
- Pain with sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)
- Core strengthening after abdominal surgery or hysterectomies
- Pelvic Organ Prolapse
The importance of the pelvic floor muscles:
The pelvic floor (PF) muscles are a combination of different layers of muscles that sit at the base of your pelvis. These muscles have four different functions. They work to stabilize the pelvis, support the pelvic and abdominal organs, maintain continence and enhance orgasm and sexual function.
The PF muscles can often become weak from obesity, lack of exercise, chronic constipation, estrogen deficiency, previous surgeries, nerve damage, pregnancy, and vaginal and cesarean section childbirth. This may lead to urinary incontinence, pelvic floor muscle weakness, pelvic organ prolapse, and/or pelvic pain.
After a thorough assessment, your physical therapist will design an individualized program for you this may include:
- Pelvic floor muscle exercises (Kegels)
- Therapeutic exercises
- Modalities to relieve pain
- Skin care management
- Behavioral training for bladder/bowel
- Electrical stimulation
- Education about how to avoid stressing the pelvic floor muscles
Physical Therapy treats both MALE and FEMALE pelvic floor dysfunction!